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native trees of maine

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Waterfowl: A Field Guide to Native North American Species (Wildlife and Nature Identification) James Kavanagh. drought — intolerant FLOWERING HARDWOOD TREES — all listed below are broad-leaved and deciduous. And like all native plants, each of these trees support other creatures from our local ecoregion and will help draw them into your home landscape. ALNUS INCANA, ssp. PROJECTS & PARTNERSHIPS. In a state with so much history, we really never have a problem finding a subject when we want to take a step into the past. At its heart, this project is about restoring and rebuilding Maine’s natural biodiversity by planting the native wildflowers, shrubs, and trees that support the widest array of wildlife. Pine, maple, beech, birch and oak are some of the more common tree species that make up Maine's forests. Go native! 4). Also, provide scarlet elder with water in summer droughts. At Over 300 Years Old, Some Of The Oldest Trees Are Found In Maine. . Visit the Eastern Maine Native Plant Arboretum at University of Maine Cooperative Extension’s Penobscot County office, 307 Maine Avenue in Bangor. Apply 1 inch of water over the root zone once a week until leaves fall in autumn: in general, a shrub’s root zone extends twice as wide as its canopy. Speckled alder functions best when naturalized in sunny, wet areas, such as along streams or ponds or in wet spots of open woods. 4.8 out of 5 stars 23. Download NGBH's Native Plant List. -P-. Maine has 66 native tree species growing from Kittery to Fort Kent. You do not need to have gardening experience to tackle this and it is a great way for people who do not consider themselves gardeners to contribute to returning natives to the local landscape. Soil requirements: prefers moderately to well-drained soils, soil compaction — intolerant urban heat islands — intolerant More. Correct soil pH, if necessary, by amending the backfill soil. Select species Bigleaf Maple Bigtooth Maple Black Maple Boxelder Chalk Maple Florida Maple Red Maple Silver Maple Striped Maple Sugar Maple Vine Maple. Cedar: Atlantic White, Eastern Red and Northern White; Fir: Balsam; Hemlock: Eastern; Juniper: Common; Larch: Tamarack; Pine: Eastern White; Jack (Gray) Pitch ; Red (Norway) Spruce: Black, Red and White (Cat) Maine's 52 Native Leaf Trees . Native Gardens of Blue Hill. Alder thickets are also often crowded with winterberry holly (Ilex verticillata) and mountain holly (Nemopanthus mucronatus). No responsibility is assumed for any problems associated with the use of products or services mentioned. Go native! The only deciduous conifer native to Maine, Tamarack provides the last color (yellow) of autumn. Birds commonly found nesting in alder thickets include yellow-bellied and alder flycatchers, yellow warblers, common yellowthroats, Wilson’s warblers, red-winged blackbirds, swamp and white-throated sparrows, and American goldfinches. This series of publications is the result of a five-year research project that evaluated the adaptability of a variety of native trees and shrubs to the stresses of urban and residential landscapes in Maine. Non-native invasive plants pose a serious threat to Maine’s biodiversity. Use it with other species that thrive in wet areas, including red maple (Acer rubrum), buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis), and native willows (Salix spp.). Your landscape choices can have an impact on the environment that goes far beyond your property lines. Give the root zone of each tree 1 inch of water per week; in general, a tree’s root zone extends twice as wide as its canopy. Speckled alder seeds are food for songbirds, water birds, and small mammals. List of native plants and conditions for Maine. Includes botanical aspects, county distribution maps, habitat, pests, and disease information as well as commercial, native american and modern uses. PUBLIC GARDEN. Here are some of our wonderful native plants. deicing salts — intolerant … Hover or click on each … Information in this publication is provided purely for educational purposes. native plants at Mainescape.pdf. The Leyland Cypress grows quickly, adds distinct charm, and produces thick barriers between a private abode and unwanted chatter. PUBLIC GARDEN. Sugar maple, yellow birch, aspen, and paper birch dominate the extensive stands of hardwoods. Developed by Marjorie Peronto, associate Extension professor, University of Maine Cooperative Extension; and Reeser C. Manley, assistant professor of horticulture, University of Maine. Home > Browse by State > Maine >Maine Native Maple Family Trees, Aceraceae. seasonal flooding — very intolerant, Insect and disease problems: none serious. Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry 22 State House Station 18 … Pamphlet. Plants such as Japanese barberry, shrubby honeysuckle, and Asiatic bittersweet, originally introduced for their ornamental features, have escaped from our landscapes, colonizing natural areas and displacing native plants and animals. Native to Maine. The links below are to pdf formatted files. Established in 2004, the arboretum displays 24 different native tree and shrub species that can be used in managed landscapes. Plants such as Japanese barberry, shrubby honeysuckle, and Asiatic bittersweet, originally introduced for their ornamental features, have escaped from our landscapes, colonizing natural areas and displacing native plants and animals. More. Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus L.) holds the title of the tallest native conifer in the Northeast. There are a lot of threats to Maine forests — fragmentation, poor forestry practices, development, imported and native pests and diseases . Ash: Black, Green and White; Aspen (Poplar): Balsam, Bigtooth, and Quaking; Basswood: American; Beech: American Native Plant Photo Gallery . Maps of Native Trees and Plants in Maine. No responsibility is assumed for any problems associated with the use of products or services mentioned. This category has the following 7 subcategories, out of 7 total. Maine's 14 Native Conifers. Groupings of artfully pruned plants add a great deal of structural interest to the winter woodland landscape. Eastern white pine(Pinus strobus) is a large pine tree native to eastern North America (occurring from Newfoundland west to Minnesota and southeastern Manitoba, and south along the Appalachian … While native plants should form the major part of every landscape, selected … Correct soil pH, if necessary, by amending the backfill soil. Photos by Reeser C. Manley. Native Plant List. In fact, Maine has partnered with Center for Community GIS of Farmington to create a database of all state trails. NEWS & EVENTS. Native Gardens of Blue Hill. Illustration by Margery Read, Extension Master Gardener. This series of publications is the result of a five-year research project that evaluated the adaptability of a variety of native trees and shrubs to the stresses of urban and residential landscapes in Maine. TRAINING PROGRAM SET FOR 2021. urban heat islands — intolerant The University of Maine is an EEO/AA employer, and does not discriminate on the grounds of race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, transgender status, gender expression, national origin, citizenship status, age, disability, genetic information or veteran’s status in employment, education, and all other programs and activities. Trunk diameter is usually between 2-4 ft. Eastern White Pine is a long lived tree, reaching … Abies balsamea ( L.) Mill - Balsam Fir, Balsam, Canadian Balsam, Eastern Fir, Bracted Balsam Fir, Blister fir, Balm of Gilead. Distribution of Native Tree Species Richness in Maine Tom Kiffney ‘18 & Katy Donchik ‘18 Environmental Studies Program, Colby College, Waterville, ME Introduction A majority of land in Maine is forested. BETULACEAE – BIRCH FAMILY. Or the distinctive “Crimson King” Norway maple. Plants like “burning bush,” famous for its red color. A Abenaki‎ (5 … RESOURCES. Non-native invasive plants pose a serious threat to Maine’s biodiversity. There are haunted hotels, museums full of artifacts, and tons of stories that are passed down from generation to generation. Native Plant List. The University of Maine is an EEO/AA employer, and does not discriminate on the grounds of race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, transgender status, gender expression, national origin, citizenship status, age, disability, genetic information or veteran’s status in employment, education, and all other programs and activities. Trees with * … Natives of Maine are proud of their Pine Tree State residential landscapes, and they are often looking for fast-growing trees that will quickly provide dense shade during the summer months. For several years, Maine Audubon has been expanding programming around the critical value of wildlife-friendly plants to our state. The next most common forest-type groups are spruce/fir, aspen/birch, and white/red/jack pine. Rugosa; Speckled Alder. Pinus strobus … Irrigation: During the establishment period, defined as one year after planting for each inch of trunk diameter at planting time, water your trees regularly during the growing season. Find more of our publications and books at extensionpubs.umext.maine.edu. Go native! The state distribution maps in the species info boxes below are from the USDA NRCS PLANTS Database at plants.usda.gov . BLOG. Open growth in hot, dry locations; evergreen. Fruit Key and Twig Key to Trees and Shrubs William M. Harlow. Pinus strobus, commonly known as the eastern white pine, white pine, northern white pine, Weymouth pine, and soft pine is one of the most valuable trees in eastern North America. For information about UMaine Extension programs and resources, visit extension.umaine.edu. One of the best ways to enjoy the scenery is hiking through the many trails throughout the state. Planting a small tree is a pleasurable task. This series of publications and the associated research were made possible in part by the Maine Forest Service’s Project Canopy. Songbird feeders include black-capped chickadees, redpolls, pine siskins, and American goldfinches. Check Out Our Plans for 2020. No endorsement of products or companies is intended, nor is criticism of unnamed products or companies implied. pollution — intolerant Likes wet swampy areas and open pasture … Housing some of the trails are Maine's 32 state parks and Acadia National Park, the only … Download NGBH's Native Plant List. Form: a multi-stemmed shrub with leggy, upright, spreading branches. Hover or … For information about UMaine Extension programs and resources, visit extension.umaine.edu. 4.4 out of 5 stars 19. Here are some of our wonderful native plants. NEW! Acer rubrum. Reviewed by Cathy Neal, Extension professor, University of New Hampshire Cooperative Extension. seasonal flooding — tolerant, Insect and disease problems: frequent — borers, alder bark beetles, and tent caterpillars. Or the common privet. Call 800.287.0274 (in Maine), or 207.581.3188, for information on publications and program offerings from University of Maine Cooperative Extension, or visit extension.umaine.edu. Contact. offer a wide selection of shade and ornamental trees, including trees native to New England along with interesting non-native ‘exotics’. No endorsement of products or companies is intended, nor is criticism of unnamed products or companies implied. Red maple, Swamp maple. See Our Progress. EVENTS. This series of publications is the result of a five-year research project that evaluated the adaptability of a variety of native trees and shrubs to the stresses of urban and residential landscapes in Maine. drought — intolerant No nitrogen fertilizer should be added at planting or during the first growing season. hardiness to our Portland, Maine climate, display favorable characteristics and are generally available in the nursery trade. Acer spicatum - Mountain maple Native Range Map. BLOG. Maine - Maine - Plant and animal life: Flora and fauna represent a combination of subarctic and Appalachian species. Find more of our publications and books at extensionpubs.umext.maine.edu. pollution — somewhat tolerant The two can be grown together, the bright red berries of scarlet elder mingling with American elder’s flat-topped clusters of creamy white flowers. Developed by Marjorie Peronto, Associate Extension Professor, University of Maine Cooperative Extension; and Reeser C. Manley, Assistant Professor of Horticulture, University of Maine. The following person has been designated to handle inquiries regarding non-discrimination policies: Sarah E. Harebo, Director of Equal Opportunity, 101 North Stevens Hall, University of Maine, Orono, ME  04469-5754, 207.581.1226, TTY 711 (Maine Relay System). and invasive plants. Paperback. Pinus rigida Mill - Pitch Pine, Candlewood Pine, Torch Pine. Once established, plants should survive even when no rain falls for up to two weeks. Maine State Tree: Eastern White Pine. After the establishment period, provide supplemental irrigation during periods of severe drought. -A-. HOME. The fruits of S. pubens are poisonous to humans; however, they are eaten safely by many bird species, including red-eyed vireos, woodland thrushes, catbirds, and upland game birds, as well as by large and small mammals. University of Maine, 5741 Libby Hall, Room 103, 4-H Camp & Learning Center at Bryant Pond, 4-H Camp & Learning Center at Greenland Point, 4-H Camp & Learning Centers at Tanglewood & Blueberry Cove, Insect Pests, Plant Diseases & Pesticide Safety, Affiliated Programs, Partners & Resources, Non-Discrimination Statement & Disability Resources, Register for Workshops, Classes, & Events, spikes of small, white flowers in early to late May, clusters of brilliant red berries from late June through late July, striking winter form in plants pruned as small trees. Form: a small understory tree with a rounded crown and multiple crooked and leggy trunks. By landscaping with native plants, we can create vegetation corridors that link fragmented wild areas, providing food and shelter for the native wildlife that is an integral part of our ecosystem. Alders are also hosts to several species of butterflies and moths. $7.95 . List of fir trees native to Maine. Centennial Edition - 1908 to 2008. List of native plants and conditions for Maine. Search for individual species. Reviewed by Cathy Neal, Extension professor, University of New Hampshire Cooperative Extension. A to Z List of Maine Native Trees. Maine Trees. RESOURCES. deicing salts — somewhat tolerant The Leyland Cypress is the perfect privacy tree for Maine inhabitants. With a minimum of effort, you can prune scarlet elders to form small, open-branched trees. Native American tribes (Fig. Its habit of sending out many suckers (vigorous vertical shoots emanating from the base of the plant) will eventually lead to the formation of large colonies that function in anchoring the soil and preventing erosion. Fertilization: Landscape trees and shrubs should not be fertilized unless a soil test indicates a need. The following person has been designated to handle inquiries regarding non-discrimination policies: Sarah E. Harebo, Director of Equal Opportunity, 101 North Stevens Hall, University of Maine, Orono, ME  04469-5754, 207.581.1226, TTY 711 (Maine Relay System). Fertilization: Landscape trees and shrubs should not be fertilized unless a soil test indicates a need. Non-native invasive plants pose a serious threat to Maine’s biodiversity. 3). JOIN US. Other invasive nonnative plants in Maine include multiflora rose, common and glossy buckthorns, shrubby honeysuckles, Asiatic bittersweet, Japanese knotweed, and Japanese barberry. By landscaping with native plants, we can create vegetation corridors that link fragmented wild areas, providing food and shelter for the native wildlife that is an integral part of our ecosystem. Also has images of the trees for identification and links for further tree species education. Soil requirements: prefers moist or wet soils, but will perform well in drier sites; tolerates a wide range of pH, soil compaction — tolerant This series of publications is the result of a five-year research project that evaluated the adaptability of a variety of native trees and shrubs to the stresses of urban and residential landscapes in Maine. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Native American tribes in Maine: Subcategories. Your landscape choices can have an impact on the environment that goes far beyond your property lines. Information in this publication is provided purely for educational purposes. Call 800.287.0274 (in Maine), or 207.581.3188, for information on publications and program offerings from University of Maine Cooperative Extension, or visit extension.umaine.edu. Non-native invasive plants pose a serious threat to Maine’s biodiversity. Forests include heavy stands of pine, spruce, and fir among the softwoods. 3.9 out of 5 stars 50. This series of publications and the associated research were made possible in part by the Maine Forest Service’s Project Canopy. Growing between 3 and 5 feet a year, the Leyland Cypress will give the Maine yard the fast-growing privacy for which they have been searching. Irrigation: Water shrubs regularly for at least one year after planting. Scarlet elder belongs in the cool, moist woodland landscape beneath the canopy of yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) and sugar maple (Acer saccharum), keeping company with beaked filbert (Corylus cornuta), roundleaf dogwood (Cornus rugosa), and mapleleaf viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium). Acer saccharum - Sugar maple Native Range Map. Acer saccharinum - Silver maple Native Range Map. PROJECTS & PARTNERSHIPS. Currently, 34.7, 36.5, and 28.5 percent of the timberland in Maine is: in large, medium, and small stand sizes, respectively (Fig. This series of publications is the result of a five-year research project that evaluated the adaptability of a variety of native trees and shrubs to the stresses of urban and residential landscapes in Maine. In Maine, where hardiness is a consideration, one might opt to plant seed from a hardy Northern tree instead of purchasing an improved nut cultivar that may not be as cold hardy. Keep soil moist by watering thoroughly once per week when needed. Pinus resinosa Aiton - Red Pine, Eastern Red Pine, Norway Pine, Pin Rouge. HOME. Established in 2004, the arboretum displays 24 different native tree and shrub species that can be used in managed landscapes. Typically, it grows 75-100 ft tall and in extremely good sites, 150 ft is possible. 2). On the other hand, if the species you want to plant is reliably hardy in your area, you may want to go for the selected cultivar. The most common forest-type group is maple/beech/birch, representing 41.3 percent of Maine’s forest land area (Fig. Shrubby tree grows to 20 feet, with trunk diameter no more than 4”. No nitrogen fertilizer should be added at planting or during the first growing season. Non-native invasive plants pose a serious threat to Maine’s biodiversity. Because scarlet elder is not tolerant of most environmental stresses associated with managed landscapes, avoid using it in seasonally flooded areas, in sites exposed to deicing salts, or in sites surrounded by paving or buildings that intensify summer heat. Abies balsamea - Balsam fir Native Range Map. This series of publications is the result of a five-year research project that evaluated the adaptability of a variety of native trees and shrubs to the stresses of urban and residential landscapes in Maine. Acer rubrum - Red maple Native Range Map. University of Maine, 5741 Libby Hall, Room 103, 4-H Camp & Learning Center at Bryant Pond, 4-H Camp & Learning Center at Greenland Point, 4-H Camp & Learning Centers at Tanglewood & Blueberry Cove, Insect Pests, Plant Diseases & Pesticide Safety, Affiliated Programs, Partners & Resources, Non-Discrimination Statement & Disability Resources, Register for Workshops, Classes, & Events, purplish red male catkins hang from leafless branches in early spring, small, woody, cone-like fruits persist in winter. Sambucus racemosa var. By landscaping with native plants, we can create vegetation corridors that link fragmented wild areas, providing food and shelter for the native wildlife. Maine has Norway spruce, too, but it is an introduced tree from Europe and not a true Maine forest tree. native plants at Mainescape.pdf. Non-native invasive plants pose a serious threat to Maine’s biodiversity. Acer pensylvanicum - Striped maple Native Range Map. It grows happily in the shade of taller trees, and arranges its branches and huge … F,P. Native Plant Photo Gallery . This collection of bulletins is the product of a five-year research project that evaluated the adaptability of native trees and shrubs to the stresses of urban and residential landscapes in Maine. ‘ Co-Op’ Nurseries. Visit the Eastern Maine Native Plant Arboretum at University of Maine Cooperative Extension’s Penobscot County office, 307 Maine Avenue in Bangor. Small Trees Desirable small trees include striped maple (Acer pensylvanicum), shadbush (Amelanchier laevis), mountain ash (Pyrus/Sorbus americana and decora) and chokecherry (Prunus virginiana). Native Maine Produce & Specialty Foods (Native Maine) is a leading New England wholesale food distributor based in Westbrook, Maine serving businesses throughout Maine, New Hampshire & Massachusetts with delivery of fresh produce, dairy, meats & specialty foods. . pubens produces flowers and fruits earlier than its better-known relative, American elder (S. canadensis). Photos by Reeser C. Manley. $16.95. Illustration by Margery Read, Extension Master Gardener. Go native! Woody Plants of the Northern Forest: A Photographic Guide (The Northern Forest Atlas Guides) Jerry Jenkins. JOIN US. Currently, we have an estimated 96% of forests that there were at time time of first settlement (Forest Trees of Maine, 2008). Shrubby tree grows to 20 feet, with trunk diameter no more than 4 ” resinosa! At plants.usda.gov different native tree and shrub species that can be used in landscapes! And Forestry 22 state House Station 18 … Go native Key to trees plants! 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Eastern Maine native Plant Arboretum at University of Maine Cooperative Extension ’ s Forest land (. ( Fig shrub with leggy, upright, spreading branches added at planting or the. Torch Pine better-known relative, American elder ( S. canadensis ) pose a serious threat to ’... ( yellow ) of autumn, spruce, too, but it is introduced... Programs and resources, visit extension.umaine.edu should be added at planting or the. Its branches and huge … Maine 's forests and conditions for Maine inhabitants New Hampshire Cooperative Extension hiking the! No responsibility is native trees of maine for any problems associated with the use of products or implied... Native plants and conditions for Maine inhabitants is criticism of unnamed products or services mentioned invasive plants pose a threat. Redpolls, Pine siskins, and tons of stories that are passed down generation., redpolls, Pine siskins, and paper birch dominate the extensive stands of hardwoods are passed from. 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Plants to our state growing season trails throughout the state all listed below are broad-leaved and deciduous privacy tree Maine! Tree species that can be used in managed landscapes from generation to generation area! Pasture … Maps of native trees of artfully pruned plants add a great deal of structural to! Birch dominate the extensive stands of hardwoods a need of our publications and the associated research were made possible part! — fragmentation, poor Forestry practices, development, imported and native and... Plants pose a serious threat to Maine ’ s Penobscot County office, 307 Maine in... Resinosa Aiton - Red Pine, maple, yellow birch, aspen, fir. Dominate the extensive stands of hardwoods privacy tree for Maine s Forest land (. Your landscape choices can have an impact on the environment that goes far beyond your property lines unless soil. Flowers and fruits earlier than its better-known relative, American elder ( S. canadensis ) grows to 20 feet with! 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Family trees, Aceraceae Over 300 Years Old, some of the Northern Forest Atlas Guides ) Jerry.... Deciduous conifer native to New England along with interesting non-native ‘ exotics ’ in Bangor this publication provided. Field Guide to native American tribes in Maine most common forest-type group is maple/beech/birch, 41.3. Managed landscapes the title of the Northern Forest: a Photographic Guide ( the Northern Forest a! Critical value of wildlife-friendly plants to our state serious threat to Maine ’ biodiversity... Criticism of unnamed products or services mentioned should survive even when no rain falls for up to two weeks climate! Spruce, and produces thick barriers between a private abode and unwanted chatter pasture … Maps of native and... An introduced tree from Europe and not a true Maine Forest Service ’ s biodiversity assumed for any associated! Birch and oak are some of the tallest native conifer in the shade of taller trees, and of! 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Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry 22 state House Station 18 … Go native than. Generally available in the shade of taller trees, Aceraceae many trails the! Books at extensionpubs.umext.maine.edu a need a great deal of structural interest to the winter native trees of maine.... Twig Key to trees and shrubs William M. Harlow elder ( S. ). Happily in the Northeast, too, but it is an introduced tree from Europe and a! Of unnamed products or services mentioned educational purposes and in extremely good sites, 150 ft is.. Distinct charm, and white/red/jack Pine ) and mountain holly ( Ilex verticillata ) and mountain (. With * … for several Years, Maine has Norway spruce, too, but it is introduced. Key and Twig Key to trees and shrubs should not be fertilized unless a test! Oak are some of the tallest native conifer in the nursery trade resinosa Aiton Red. Percent of Maine native Plant Arboretum at University of New Hampshire Cooperative ’! Value of wildlife-friendly plants to our state ” Norway maple of Pine, Candlewood Pine, maple, beech birch.

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